Glossary

To better help you understand the Japanese terminology used within Karate Do, Sensei Jon has built an extensive glossary that not only shows how the words are pronounced but also how the words should be spoken via an audio collection. This glossary is forever expanding as new Japanese terminology, wether a name of a technique or a simple greeting will be added. As you progress through your grades as a student of Karate you should become more accustomed to the terminology used in this section. The glossary should be used in conjunction with the written syllabus. If there is wording in syllabus which is unfamiliar you can return to this section find the word and it’s meaning. The glossary is split into various sections so you can quickly and efficiently find the word your are looking for. Happy learning Sensei Jon.

Stances

JapanesePronunciationEnglish
Dachi da-cheeStance
Zenkutsu dachizen-ku-tsu da-cheeFront stance
Kokutsu dachiko-ku-tsu da-cheeBack stance
Kiba dachikee-ba da-cheeHorse Stance
Fudo dachifoo-do da-cheeImmovable stance

Areas of the body

JapanesePronunciationEnglish
Jodanjo-danUpper level
Chudanchoo-danMiddle level
Gedangae-danLower level

Punches and hand techniques

JapanesePronunciationEnglish
Zukizu-keePunch
Choku zukicho-ku-zu-keeStraight punch
Oi zukioee zu-keeStepping punch
Gyaku zukigya-ku zu-keeReverse punch
Ura zukioo-ra zu-keeClose punch
Kizami zukikee-zamy zu-keeFront hand punch
Morote zukimo-ro-tay zu-keeDouble hand punch
Tate zukita-tay zu-keeVertical fist

Kicks and leg techniques

JapanesePronunciationEnglish
Gerige-reeKick
Mae gerimy ge-reeFront kick
Yoko geri kekomiyo-ko ge-ree ke-ko-meeSide thrust kick
Yoko geri keageyo-ko ge-ree kay-a-geeSide snap kick
Mawashi gerima-wa-she ge-reeRound house kick
Ushiro geriu-she-ro ge-reeBack kick
Tobi geritoh-bee ge-reeJumping kick
Ren geriren ge-reeCombination kicking
Ashi Baraiah-she bah-ryeFoot sweep

Blocking

JapanesePronunciationEnglish
Ukeooh-kehBlock
Age ukeah-gae oo-kayRising block
Soto ukesoh-toe oo-kayOutside block
Uchi ude ukeoo-chee oo-day oo-kayInside block
Gedan baraigae-dan bah-ryeDownward block
Shuto ukeshoo-toh oo-kayKnife hand block

Striking points

JapanesePronunciationEnglish
Shutoshoo-tohKnife hand
Empiem-peeElbow
Tetsuitet-tsue-eeHammer fist
Nukitenoo-key-tehfinger strike
Kakatokah-kah-toeHeel
Sokutosoh-koo-toeKnife edge of foot
Koshiko-sheBall of foot
Hittsuihit-tsue-eeKnee strike

Karate form

JapanesePronunciationEnglish
Kihonkee-hohnBasic movements
Kataka-tahBasic form
Kumitekoo-me-tehSparring

Sparring forms

JapanesePronunciationEnglish
Gohon kumitegoh-hohn koo-mee-tehFive Attack Sparring
Sambon kumitesahn-bohn koo-mee-tehThree Attack Sparring
Ippon kumiteeep-pone koo-mee-tehOne Attack Sparring
Jiyu Ippon Kumitejee-yoo eep-pone koo-mee-tehSemi Free Sparring
Jiyu KumiteJee-yoo koo-me-tehFree Style Sparring

Misc.

JapanesePronunciationEnglish
dojodoe-joeTraining hall
senseisehn-seh-eeInstructor
reireh-eeBow
Osuoh-sooDojo Greeting
Kamaekah-mah-ehFighting posture
Wazawha-zahTechnique
Hajimehah-jee-mayBegin
Yoiyoh-eeReady position
Yameyah-mah-ehAt Ease

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